Types of Homeschooling

Homeschooling is a debatable subject and has plenty of supporters and just as many sceptics, but this is not about that. If you decided that this is the path for you, it's time to think about what method would work best for your child to make sure he keeps up with or exceeds past his peers in public or private schools. And there is no shortage of methods! Since 1993 homeschooling is legal in all states and continues to expand.

Let's take a look at seven of them that are considered the most popular:


Home Schooling
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1. The Classical method

It dates back to ancient Greece and has a Biblical branch with a focus on religion. This method teaches with the help of great classic books. Kids learn facts and data in elementary school age, logic and critical thinking in middle school period, and self-confidence and speaking skills in high school. The teaching follows time line of history and doesn't jump. Socratic dialogues are very popular.

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Pros:

  • It has been tested for a long time and produces serious little thinkers
  • Exposure to the best philosophy books in history
  • Reading is really elevated
  • Latin and Greek language learning is often included
  • Logical thinking is highly evolved
  • The system is very adaptable
  • It is systematic and well organized

Cons:

  • Reading can be too complicated and simply too much
  • Most time is devoted to reading
  • Not very flexible method
  • Not much interactive learning is included
  • Learning ancient languages is not always useful

2. Charlotte Mason Method

This method was created and recorded in 19th century and heavily focused on Christianity. Kids study for a very short periods of time, 45 minutes at most for high schoolers. In addition to classroom study, kids do lots of nature exploration, history journals, real world insights, reading, and storytelling. Kids learn at their own pace and direct the process.

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Pros:

  • Time outdoors and nature exploration
  • Keeping journals and recording findings
  • It has been around for a long time
  • Not expensive at all
  • Based on religion
  • Anybody can teach this method
  • Great for young students
  • Can be combined with Classical method

Cons:

  • Not very strong for middle and especially high school
  • It is heavily skewed towards religion
  • Math and science are not the main focus here
  • The method is pretty old-fashioned and parents have to work on modernizing it

3. Montessori method

The method grew from Maria Montessori's journals about work with special needs kids in Italy. Her method includes lots of free play, indirect guidance from teachers, humanistic approach guided by students, and learning with the help of toys and objects. Well-equipped Montessori schools are popular everywhere and this is why this method is often not regarded as homeschooling option.

Pros:

  • Great for early childhood education
  • Great for kids with special needs
  • Genius kids can benefit from free flowing education
  • Lots of physical interaction and sensory stimulation
  • Very adaptable to different methods
  • Focus on arts and creativity
  • Small classes

Cons:

  • If you want to teach this method, you will have to get Montessori certificate
  • Leaning towards school house model with props and furniture
  • Not very suitable for beyond elementary school age
  • Lack of structure doesn't work for everybody

4. Unschooling

This teaching methodology is one of the most free flowing and out there systems available. Largely the teaching doesn't follow common regulations or use tests. Students lead the way and are encouraged to focus on their areas of interest. Yes, some reading, writing, and math are taught, but without usual materials, leading students to experiment and learn as they go. Parents and teachers are not leaders here, but rather helpers and encouragers.

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Pros:

  • Very flexible and interchangeable, not even a method
  • Passion of students leads the way
  • Loosely structured and not stressful
  • There are some books, but it's mostly experiences and interactions
  • Unique and individualistic approach to every student as different and worth celebrating
  • It's like parenting, but with a dimension of learning

Cons:

  • A bit negative towards conventional schooling
  • No focus on structure
  • Humanism, which you might not agree with
  • Gaps in science are very likely and hard time with passing tests down the line
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5. School-At-Home

This type of home schooling is following the common public or standard private school schedule and county curriculum. The only difference is that all is done at home. It can be led by a parent with specific supplemental tools or by public school or private school teacher online. It can be a bit expensive, but it doesn't leave any gaps in learning.

School Classes

Pros:

  • Conventional, easy to understand, and easy to access needed information and supplementation
  • Formal way of learning and keeping up with peers at school
  • Many choices that can be acquired and used from prepackaged lessons
  • Wonderful for short term under many various circumstances

Cons:

  • It's expensive
  • It's pretty strict and not flexible
  • Very hard on parents who have to spend hours covering subjects that are done by 5-8 teachers at school
  • The longest time needed to teach, 8 hours a day, 5 days per week

6. Unit Studies

This school of thought revolves around a unit and studying that unit from many discipline angles. For example, Egypt can be studied as history, geography, pyramids as geometry, book of Exodus for reading, and so on. The units like that can be incorporated in other methods or adjusted based on student's needs.

In Labor Lesson

Pros:

  • Learning is fun and diverse
  • Students can determine what they want to focus on
  • Wholistic methods
  • Good for covering boring subjects
  • Easily incorporated into other methods

Cons:

  • Not complete and no big picture vision
  • It depends on curriculum, leaves gaps
  • Not so good for math and science, but great for humanitarian classes
  • Needs support to cover the gaps

7. Eclectic Education

The most popular method, relaxed, and loved because it can combine different methodologies and philosophies. Curriculums can be mixed based on child's unique needs, so there is no rigidity. It's like a buffet of methods. Sometimes Eclectic method is combined with traditional school attendance part time.

Pros:

  • Easily adjustable, good for mature educators and parents
  • Extremely flexible
  • Variety of resources can be used from different methods
  • Very popular and has huge following

Cons:

  • Can be too many options for choosing
  • Some method combinations might not work
  • Easy to make it not the best, but the worst
  • Requires good understanding of all methods for deciding what to choose

8. HomeSchool Supplies

To get supplie check your local library (donation bin) and stores like 99 Cents, Dollar Store, Walmart, Target.

To get more specific tools check Discount School Supply and Learning Resources.These two might seem expensive so remember to ask for 20 off discount.